Unless you have taken a three-year break from social media (if so, we’re jealous), you’ve likely seen someone post a picture of their food with the hashtag #glutenfree. While eating gluten-free has become a trend, celiac disease is much more complicated than that. In reality, celiac is a chronic immune reaction and digestive disorder, not a fad.
Gluten is the fragment of protein in wheat, rye and barley. It’s the compound that gives elasticity to dough and gives bread a chewy texture.
You might be thinking, what’s the difference? Aren’t both gluten-free? Well, while both disorders might have similar symptoms, they differ and require different lifestyles and treatment. Here’s a quick rundown between the two:
Gluten-Sensitivity: A condition that is similar to celiac but is not an autoimmune disorder nor does it have a genetic component. Essentially what this means is that when someone who is gluten sensitive eats gluten, they might have symptoms but it will not cause damage to their small intestine, unlike celiac. Symptoms consist of diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, brain fog, neurological disorders, fatigue and joint pain. Unlike celiac, there is no diagnostic test for gluten-sensitivity. If you have symptoms, but are not diagnosed with celiac or a wheat allergy, your gastroenterologist will most likely diagnose you as gluten sensitive. Treatment for this condition consists of trying to have a wheat-free/gluten-free diet.
Celiac: A genetic, autoimmune disorder. When gluten is ingested it triggers damage to the small intestine. It is one of the most common autoimmune conditions as it affects roughly 1 in 133 people. Celiac disease symptoms consist of diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, weight loss, malnutrition, iron deficiency, bone loss, skin issues, liver dysfunction, hair loss and more. Treatment for celiac disease is a strict gluten-free lifestyle. Celiac is a genetic disposition, meaning it is passed down through genes. External triggers that cause the immune system to respond inappropriately can also cause the disease.
While any lifestyle change can be stressful and confusing, following a gluten-free diet can be simple if done right! For a more in-depth look at what you should, probably shouldn’t, and definitely shouldn’t be eating as someone who is gluten-free, take a look at Gluten-Free Living’s Basic Diet Guide for Celiacs.
Our tips to help you make the most out of your gluten-free lifestyle:
While getting accustomed to being gluten-free might take some getting used to, we hope that with our products, suggestions and recipes, it’ll make being gluten-free a little bit tastier.